By Arkady Petrov
RIO DE JANEIRO, BRAZIL – Brazil recorded a 23 p.c drop in violent deaths within the first 4 months of this 12 months in comparison with the identical interval in 2018. That is proven within the nationwide murder index created by G1, based mostly on official knowledge from the 26 states and the Federal District.
In April alone, there have been three,636 murders, in comparison with four,541 in the identical month final 12 months. Within the first 4 months of the 12 months, there have been 14,374 violent deaths – four,300 fewer than in January, February, March and April 2018.
The downward development in homicides in Brazil was anticipated by the G1 from the steadiness of the primary two months of the 12 months, which confirmed a discount of 25 p.c over the identical interval final 12 months, and from the steadiness of violent deaths in 2018, which confirmed the steepest decline within the final 11 years within the historic sequence of the Brazilian Discussion board of Public Safety, at 13 p.c.
Nonetheless, the determine for murders stays excessive. Within the first 4 months of 2019, on common, one particular person was murdered each 12 minutes in Brazil.
The survey is a part of the Violence Monitor, a G1 partnership with the Middle for the Examine of Violence at USP and the Brazilian Discussion board on Public Security.
The information exhibits that:
- there have been four,314 fewer deaths within the first 4 months of 2019;
- each state within the nation confirmed a discount in murders within the interval;
- in April, solely 4 states recorded the next variety of deaths in comparison with the identical month in 2018: Amapá, Paraná, Piauí, and Tocantins;
- three states recorded drops of over 30 p.c in 4 months: Ceará, Sergipe and Rio Grande do Norte;
- in absolute figures, the state recording the best lower was Ceará, with 845 fewer victims within the interval.
To higher perceive what could also be behind the downward development, the G1 carefully examined public safety within the three states that stood out by their lower since 2018: Acre, Ceará, and Rio Grande do Norte. Specialists, members and former members of governments and organizations have been consulted to evaluate the primary measures taken in these states which can have resulted within the decline in violence.
Among the many measures adopted are:
- Stricter jail procedures, resembling fixed search operations and implementation of the Differentiated Disciplinary Regime (RDD);
- Isolation or switch of heads of felony teams to most safety prisons;
- Creation of an unique secretariat to take care of penitentiary administration;
- Creation of a police division to research murder instances;
- Integration between safety and justice forces.